Nepal is a multi-lingual, multi-religious and multi-ethnic country. As a result the number of festivals exceeds that of the days of a year. For some foreigners, these festivals are mysterious, colourful and pleasant. Moreover, they have a great deal more about them. Based on Nepali calendar the festivals are celebrated.
They emerge from the depth of the socio-cultural and religious and historical backgrounds. The ceremonies, as a whole, reflect a way of life, unique in its own place. They mirror the value systems established by age long socio-cultural and religious conventions; they bear the impression of the mythical patterns set on the collective mental structure of the people; they strengthen the social and family relations; they show the awe and reverence of the unknown power; they depict the joys and fears of the people. They make it clear how Nepalese people pay homage to every element of nature; they mark the change of season and rejoice sowing seeds and harvesting.
The original annual dates for the festivals were fixed according to the lunar calendar long ago, so they do not coincide with the solar calendar now used in Nepal. Similarly, they do not coincide with the Gregorian calendar.